Reduce Sugar Sweetened Beverages (SSB) Intake

In this intervention, we identified commonly-consumed food sources, often in the discretionary calories category and/or are high in solid fats and added sugars. The intervention allows you to remove a drink item entirely, without compensation, from daily or weekly intake. The current units of selection are 12-oz. cans of sugar-sweetened beverages (136 kcal/can) and 20-oz. bottls of sugar-sweetened beverages (240 kcal/bottle).

For additional information on other areas in which discretionary calories may be reduced, please refer to the Reedy and Krebs-Smith analysis (2010). Using 2003-2004 data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), Reedy and Krebs-Smith examined food sources of total energy and energy from solid fats and added sugars. The top sources of energy for 2- to 18-year-olds were grain desserts (138 kcal/day), pizza (136 kcal/day), and soda (118 kcal/day). Sugar-sweetened beverages (soda and fruit drinks combined) contributed 173 kcal/day. Half of empty calories (433 kcal from solid fat and 365 kcal from added sugars) came from six foods: soda, fruit drinks, dairy desserts, grain desserts, pizza, and whole milk.

* The Average Caloric Impact (ACI) for this intervention is modeled based on published caloric values of average can or bottle of regular caffeinated cola.

Other References

Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rethink Your Drink. N.d.

Poti JM, Popkin BM. Trends in Energy Intake Among US Children by Eating Location and Food Source, 1977-2006. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2011 Aug; 111(8):1156-1164.

Reedy J, Krebs-Smith SM. Dietary Sources of Energy, Solid Fats, and Added Sugars Among Children and Adolescents in the United States. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2010 Oct; 110(10):1477-1484.

Wang YC, Blelch SN, Gortmaker SL. Increasing Caloric Contribution From Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and 100% Fruit Juices Among U.S. Children and Adolescents, 1998-2004. Pediatrics 2008; 121(6):e1604-e1614.